Republican Presidential Candidates


 “The Political ‘Army of Salvation’”
  Cartoonist:  Joseph Keppler
  Source:  Cartoons From "Puck"
  Date:   March 31, 1880, p. 19

Click to see a large version of this cartoon...

Click to see a large version of this cartoon

Complete HarpWeek Explanation:
Promoting the third-term candidacy of former president Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1873) are members of the Stalwart (or conservative) wing of the Republican party. Artist Joseph Keppler depicts them as marching Salvation Army evangelicals, singing the praises of Grant, the Civil War hero who saved the nation militarily and will now save it politically from the folly of Republican reformers and Democrats. All of those pictured were leading "spoilsmen" (politicians who gained political power by distributing patronage) or associated with political scandal.

Leading the chorus is Senator Roscoe Conkling of New York, bearing the Grant banner aloft. He is surrounded by (clockwise from the left): George Robeson, who, as secretary of the Navy under Grant, was investigated by Congress on charges of allowing waste and favoritism in the Navy Department; William Belknap, who, as secretary of war under Grant, was impeached by the House for taking bribes from Indian Post traders, but resigned before the Senate voted on his removal; Senator James Donald "Don" Cameron of Pennsylvania; Senator John Logan of Illinois; Alexander Shepherd, the corrupt former head of the Board of Public Works for the District of Columbia (he is often compared to "Boss" Tweed of Tammany Hall); and Thomas Murphy, former collector of the Port of New York (the country's most important patronage position). Press and popular criticism of Grant's candidacy as a bald grab for power is indicated by the designation "Empire" atop the banner's pole.













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