Republicans and Democrats


 “The Presidential Pot-Pie”
  Cartoonist:  Unknown
  Source:  Frank Leslie’s Budget of Fun
  Date:   October 15, 1860, p. 8

Click to see a large version of this cartoon...

Click to see a large version of this cartoon

Complete HarpWeek Explanation:
This Budget of Fun cartoon manifests fear of potential Catholic influence in the United States, an overwhelmingly Protestant nation in the nineteenth century. The widespread concern arose with an increase in immigration from the Catholic countries of Ireland and Germany in the 1840s and 1850s. Politicians and newspaper editors began to call for restricting immigration and refusing Catholic requests for equal treatment in educational funding. The anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic movement culminated in the founding of the American Party (commonly called “Know-Nothing”), which peaked in the mid-1850s. Its membership then declined so that by 1860 many had joined the Republican Party. Here, Catholic Archbishop John Hughes of New York seeks ingredients from the three major presidential candidates—(left-right) Republican Abraham Lincoln, Northern Democrat Stephen Douglas, and Southern Democrat John Breckinridge—in order to make Catholic influence palatable to the American public.













Website design © 2001-2008 HarpWeek, LLC
All Content © 1998-2008 HarpWeek, LLC
Please submit questions to