Name:  Framklin Pierce

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Born:  November 23, 1804
Died:  October 8, 1869
Complete HarpWeek Biography:
Franklin Pierce, a Democrat, was the 14th President of the United States (1853-1857). He graduated from Bowdoin College (Maine) in 1824 and was admitted to the bar in 1827. He served in the New Hampshire legislature (1829-1833), including a term as its speaker (1831-1832); in the U.S. House of Representatives (1833-1837); and, in the U.S. Senate (1837-1842). During the Mexican War he rose from colonel to brigadier general. Pierce was the dark-horse choice of the delegates to the 1852 Democratic National Convention, who had deadlocked on the four major candidates. Major political events during his presidency were the Gadsden Purchase (1853), the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854), and the Ostend Manifesto (1854).

Sources consulted:Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; The Complete Book of U. S. Presidents, ed. William A. DeGregorio.











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