The presidential election of
1876, pitting Republican Rutherford B. Hayes against Democrat Samuel
J. Tilden, has some interesting parallels with the presidential
election of 2000.
In particular, the 1876 election involved an Electoral College
dispute which was not explicitly covered by the U.S. Constitution.
It was ultimately resolved by an ad hoc Electoral Commission
created by Congress and consisting of 5 Supreme Court justices, 5
senators, and 5 House members.
After 16 weeks of heated controversy, a president was finally chosen
three days before the scheduled inauguration.
By an 8 to 7 margin, the Electoral Commission awarded all of
the contested 20 electoral ballots to Hayes, allowing the Republican
to win the presidency by one electoral vote, 185-184.
Other current and potential parallels between the presidential
elections of 1876 and 2000 include: